Depression is probably the most common mental disorder. Everybody seems to know someone who is depressed whether a family member, a close friend or a co-worker. Lately, we hear about millions of Americans being treated with Prozac and a multitude of other antidepressants.
Most of us do not know about types of depression besides what is termed unipolar depression where the sufferer feels unhappy and never feels any highs. A brief description of manic depression, major depression, atypical depression, psychotic depression and dysthymia are discussed below.
Major Depression: The diagnosis of major depressive disorder is based on the patient's behavior reported by relatives or friends, and a mental status examination. There is no laboratory test for major depression, although physicians generally request tests for physical conditions that may cause similar symptoms. In this type of Depression the patient do not take interest in sexual activity and in appetite and a weight loss. He or she seems like that they are not happy or they are not satisfy with their life.
Saturday, November 20, 2010
Psychotherapy and medication are the two primary treatment approaches. Antidepressant medications can make psychotherapy more effective sometimes. Let me explain many issues related to the treatment of depression with medication. You must understand why and how drugs can be used as part of the treatment of depression. It is important for you to be well informed about medications for depression, if you are taking any of these medications.
Self-medication can be dangerous. The management and prescription of medication, in all cases, must be done by a responsible physician, who is working closely with the patient, sometimes the patient's family and his/her psychologist.
Here are some antidepressant medication topics:
# Symptom Relief from Medication
# Antidepressant Medications
# Side Effects of Antidepressants
# Medications Precautions
# List of Antidepressants
Symptom Relief from Medication
Some medicines give only relief from the fever or depression for only some hours but these drugs do not reduce the causes of the depression. It is not good to take these drugs for instant relax. It may be dangerous for your health.
Antidepressant Medications: Antidepressants are medicines used to help people who have depression. With the help of these depression medications, most people can achieve significant recovery from depression.
Side Effects of Antidepressants: Side effects of the antidepressant are the main reason for people stopping a course of depression medication.
Some of the various side effects from the different antidepressants are:
* Urinary retention
* Blurred vision
* Sedation (can interfere with driving or operating machinery)
* Sleep disruption
* Weight gain
* Gastrointestinal disturbance/diarrhea
* Abdominal pain
* Inability to achieve an erection
* Inability to achieve an orgasm (men and women)
* Loss of libido
1. In general, during pregnancy, all medications (including psychotherapeutic medications) should be avoided where possible, and other methods of treatment should be tried. During early pregnancy, there is a possible risk of birth defects with some of these medications, and for this reason:
1) Lithium is not recommended during the first 3 months of pregnancy.
2) Benzodiazepines are not recommended during the first 3 months of pregnancy.
2. The elderly may sometimes accidentally take too much of a medication because they forget that they have taken a dose and take another dose. The use of a 7-day pill box is especially helpful to an elderly person.
3. A woman who is taking birth-control pills should be sure that her doctor is aware of this. The estrogen in these pills may alter the breakdown of medications by the body, and/or reducing their efficacy to relieve symptoms of anxiety.
List of Antidepressants: Below is the list of antidepressants with their generic names. But one should take these antidepressants after doctor's advice.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Sadness is a normal reaction to life’s struggles, setbacks, and disappointments.
We all go through ups and downs in our mood. Many people use the word “depression” to explain these kinds of feelings, but depression is much more than just sadness.
Depression is a major risk factor for suicide. The deep despair that goes along with depression can make suicide feel like the only way to escape the pain.
THE first step towards overcoming depression is understanding it. What it is, how it works, and what it does to us.When emptiness and despair won't go away, it may be depression. Friends don’t interest you like they used to, you’re exhausted all the time and just getting through the day can be overwhelming. Feeling down from time to time is a normal part of life. When you’re depressed, things may feel hopeless, but with help and support you can get better. It has been said that we live in the Age of Anxiety. We also live in a time of depression.
More than just the temporary "blues," the lows of depression make it tough to function and enjoy life like you once did. But first, you need to understand depression. Learning about depression—including its signs, symptoms, causes, and treatment—is the first step to overcoming the problem.
What Are the Main Causes of Depression?
There may be a lot of causes of depression. Here I want to introduce some of them.
Genetics. A family history of depression may increase the risk. It's thought that depression is passed genetically from one generation to the next. The exact way this happens, though, is not known.
Death or a loss. Sadness or grief from the death or loss of a loved one, though natural, can also increase the risk of depression.
Abuse. Past physical, sexual, or emotional abuse can cause depression later in life.
Conflict. Depression may result from personal conflicts or disputes with family members or friends.
Serious illnesses. Sometimes depression co-exists with a major illness or is a reaction to the illness.
We can recognize depression with some signs such as:
- loss of interest in home and work;
- change in eating habits: eating too much or too little;
- unexplained nervousness or grouchiness;
- lack of energy for regular activities;
- poor self-image;
- frequent crying;
- change in sleep pattern
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